The demands made on the cement industry from time to time by the engineers, builders and users of cement for specialised jobs, and efforts of cement technologists led to the development of different types of Cement with special properties.

Sl No Name of the Variety Application of the Variety
1 ‘33’ Grade Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC – 33) Used for general low-rise civil construction works under normal environmental conditions
2 ‘43’ Grade Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC – 43) Used for general civil construction works including residential, commercial and industrial buildings, roads, bridges, flyovers and irrigation projects in most parts of the country.
3 ‘53’ Grade Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC – 53) – High Strength OPC Used for high-rise buildings, bridges, flyovers, chimneys, and prestressed concrete structures.
4 Portland Pozzolana Cement (PPC) Useful for general construction works and especially suitable for works in aggressive environmental conditions, employed for water retaining structures, marine works, mass concreting, such as dams, dykes, retaining walls, foundations, and sewage pipes.
5 Portland Slag Cement (PSC) Used for general civil engineering construction but mainly preferred for construction of marine structures and in coastal areas where excessive amounts of chloride and sulphate salts are simultaneously present.  Also, can be used with advantage for mass concrete works.
6 Masonry Cement Used for making mortars for brickwork and plastering. The cement is very useful for plaster and masonry works but is not yet popular in construction industry in the country, for the fear that it may inadvertently be used for structural works.
7 Low Heat Portland Cement (LHC) Use for making concrete for dams and other water retaining structures, bridge abutments, massive retaining walls, piers and slabs, etc.
8 Rapid Hardening Cement (RHC) Used for repair and rehabilitation works and where speed of construction and early completion is required due to limitations of time, space or other reasons. Rapid hardening cement is basically OPC.
9 White Portland Cement (WPC) Meant for non-structural and mostly decorative use, normally used for flooring, general architectural purposes, such as mosaic tiles, decorative concrete wall paintings and special effects. White cement has also the advantage that it is not liable to undergo staining.
10 Sulphate Resisting Cement (SRC) Used for underground structures in sulphate-salts abounding environment, effluent treatment plants, sugar and other chemical industries where civil works are likely to be subjected to sulphate attack.
11 Super Sulphated Cement (SSC) Used in a variety of aggressive conditions, e.g. marine structures, reinforced concrete pipes in ground water, concrete construction in sulphate bearing soils and in chemical works involving exposure to high concentrations of sulphate or weak solutions of mineral acids.  Also used for the underside of bridges, over railway lines and for concrete sewers carrying industrial effluents.
12 Oil Well Cement (OWC) An advanced class of special purpose cements, used by the petroleum industry for cementing the steel casing to the walls of the oil wells and to seal the porous formations which contain either gas or water that is flowing into oil-bearing formations.
13 Hydrophobic Portland Cement (HPC) Manufactured specially for high rainfall areas to improve the cement’s shelf life.
14 Special Grade Cement (53-S and 43-S) (earlier known as IRST-40) A very finely ground cement designed to develop high early strength required for manufacture of concrete sleepers for Indian Railways, such as prestressed concrete elements, high rise buildings where high strength concrete is required.
15 High Alumina Cement (HAC) Essentially a refractory cement, may be used in some cold regions for structural work, taking advantage of its high heat of hydration and high early strength development.